My colleague Maria Koklanaris recently wrote an excellent article on the pension debt held by state and local governments. It’s worth a read. Those in state and local government should be well aware of the level to which pension plans are underfunded. According to Koklanaris’s article, which was published in State Tax Today on September 20, there “isn’t a pension fund in America that can earn its way out of its liabilities.”
Tax Analysts Blog
Hillary Clinton would like voters to believe she's the candidate most likely to help working Americans. After a surprisingly difficult primary fight with a socialist senator from Vermont, Clinton has adopted a lot of populist economic rhetoric. On her campaign website, she says she has an eight-point plan to help the middle class, with the first point saying, "Hillary is proposing middle-class tax breaks to help families cope with the rising cost of everyday expenses." However, Clinton actually hasn't ever released her plan to cut middle-income taxes (or really any taxes), instead relying on evasive answers and proposals for small-change tax expenditures.
What is Congress’s goal? If it expects to improve taxpayer service by starving the IRS budget, impeaching its leader, and berating its employees, Congress will be disappointed. The longer the beatings continue, the harder it will be for the IRS to attract great – or even competent – leaders and employees, and the longer it will take for Americans actually to receive the service they deserve from the IRS.
The estate and gift tax has a long history in the United States. The current version celebrated its 100th birthday on September 8, but there were legacy tax experiments throughout the 19th century. The tax was relatively stable for most of its first 80 years, until Republicans made its repeal one of their central tenets and succeeded in labeling it the death tax. The battle seemed to climax in late 2012, when the American Taxpayer Relief Act (ATRA) permanently extended a compromise version. However, both 2016 presidential candidates would revisit the ATRA solution, albeit in radically different ways.
There’s an old expression in politics, “where I stand depends on where I sit.” In the world of international taxation, this can mean that when sitting in the U.S., it is easy to express outrage over the European Commission’s state aid investigations into tax rulings that EU member states issued to U.S.-based multinationals. But it also means that when viewed from a seat in Europe, those investigations are not only acceptable, they are necessary to preserve the integrity of the single market.
This month State Tax Notes turns 25 years old. It’s quite the accomplishment. There were some rocky times, but the magazine has emerged as a place where state and local tax ideas are floated, the debates are spirited, and discussion is informed. The magazine is better than ever, and we’re excited for what the future may hold.
This Thursday the federal estate tax will turn 100. And that brings to mind one of the most familiar set pieces of modern American politics: Republicans call for repealing the estate tax, and Democrats denounce the idea. This year Donald Trump and Hillary Clinton have dutifully assumed their respective roles. And voters have the pleasure of watching this argument unfold. Again.
The European Union has ordered the government of Ireland to collect €13 billion in corporate taxes from Apple Inc. That’s roughly $14.5 billion given current exchange rates; one of the largest tax bills in human history. The determination comes as part of Brussels’ ongoing investigation of state subsidies that take the form of advance tax rulings.There are several aspects to this story that leave Americans scratching their head. Let’s review them.
Not content with routing all of its sales from Europe, Africa, the Middle East, and India through subsidiaries in Ireland – and paying a 12.5 percent corporation tax on the profits – in 1991 Apple negotiated an even better deal with Ireland. That deal, and its 2007 version 2.0, reduced Apple’s tax rate on those profits to just five one-thousandths of 1 percent (.005!) in 2014.
In the wake of the United Kingdom's vote to exit the European Union, another core member of Europe is facing an uncertain future because of proposed major constitutional reform. Italian voters will go to the polls in late October or early November to decide the fate of Prime Minister Matteo Renzi's leftist government. If Renzi's reform passes, it will make governing Italy much easier, but its main aim is to essentially disenfranchise a euroskeptic, populist movement similar to the U.K. Independence Party.